one of the first things i have thought about was Deduction. in the Sherlock series we get an approximate visualization of how sherlock’s mind works.. he starts by taking in the bigger picture, then going in to inspecting things a bit closer. drawing as many logical conclusions possible until he has enough information to draw a conclusion.
of course he keeps asking these deductions to build up a bigger picture. even though they might seem small and often personal it is still important to the bigger picture.
so basically deduction is basically gathering small puzzle pieces or ‘clues’ that give concrete reasoning to reach a complete logical conclusion.